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Nuclear Medicine/Ultrasound/Diagnostic X-rays

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Nuclear Medicine is a type of radiology imaging that uses radioactive materials to view images of the body’s physiology. These procedures are typically noninvasive and painless and administered via an intravenous injection or an oral administration of the radioactive materials. Depending on the study, the procedure can range from 20 to 30 minutes to a few hours. In some cases, multiple day studies in which the patient leaves and returns at specific times are necessary. The radiation from the pharmaceuticals is generally very minimal.

Nuclear medicine is a medical specialty that uses small amounts of radioactive materials, known as radiopharmaceuticals, for diagnostic, therapeutic, and research purposes.  Highly simplified, a typical procedure would involve discussing the procedure with the patient, injecting the radiopharmaceutical which localizes in the area of interest, then is imaged using a special camera.  It is something like taking an X-ray from the inside-out and often has been described as making your “insides” glow.

Ultrasound

Ultrasound imaging, also called sonography, is a medical diagnostic procedure that uses sound waves to produce an image. Ultrasound is used to evaluate many different organs including the kidneys, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen and blood vessels. Ultrasound can also be used to help guide biopsies.

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Diagnostic X-Rays

X-ray is radiation in small amounts that is projected through the target area of the body to take images of internal organs and bones. High energy electromagnetic wave act as a photograph and are used in diagnosis and treatment of injury and disease. X-rays are used for many purposes, such as determining if a bone is broken, seeing internal organs and looking for cancer. In some instances, a chemical, known as a contrast medium, is given to help outline a specific body area the images.